Established as a national park in 1982, Tanjung Puting national park is nestled within a vast and dense tropical rainforest of Central Borneo province in the area of 416.040 hectares consist of lowland tropical forests, dry land forest, freshwater swamp forest, peat swamp forests, mangrove forests, coastal forests and secondary forests.
The park is a world-renowned for its Borneo Orangutan conservation and its large biological diversity. In addition to Orangutan, Tanjung Puting national park is also home to proboscis monkey, gibbons, macaque, sun bears, wild boars, clouded leopard, porcupines, samba deer, many reptiles - including crocodile and python, and birds - including hornbill and kingfisher.
Tanjung Puting National park is one of the most popular eco-tourism destinations in Indonesia and the best place to see Orangutan in the wild where the Orangutan sighting is near guarantee. There are three camps in the park built as Orangutan research station and rehabilitation center where Orangutan usually come to find food in feeding time which is done on daily basis.
· Camp Tanjung Harapan at 3 pm
· Camp Pondok Tanggui at 9 am
· Camp Leakey at 2 pm
Tanjung Puting national park is accessible only by river from Kumai port. Klotok, a typical traditional houseboat designated for tourist needs is the only convenient river transportation which will allow visitors to experience the nature around as it’s designed to slowly cruising down the Sekonyer river. Not only as transportation, Klotok also plays as a base accommodation.
In your Tanjung Puting tour, you will see the orangutans - a lot of ex-captive orangutans - rehabilitated in the park. you will also meet the king of this area, the largest and the oldest orangutan who is still living in a wilderness of a national park.
The relative humidity of the area ranges between 55 and 98 percent and the temperature varies from 22 - 32 degree Celsius.
Flora & Fauna
Among tree species commonly found are Ramin (Gonistylus bancanus), Jelutung, Kayu Besi (iron wood, eusideroxylon zwagerri), Meranti (Shorea sp.) and Keruing (Dipterocarpus). all of them have high value for industry. Other plants such Bakung (asian tricum), Pandans (Pandanus tectorius), Nipah (Nypa sp.) which growing on the riverside.
The park is also rich in wildlife with the commonly seen is Orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus pygmaeus) - the best known species that makes the National Park best known, Proboscis monkeys (Nasalis larvatus) - a large monkey which is found only in Borneo, long tail macaque (Macaca fascicularis), birds - especially horn bills, kingfishers, myna, oriental darter and over 220 bird species. Furthermore, the list of fauna living in the park are include the occasionally can be seen: Agile gibbon (Hylobates agilis), grey gibbon (Hylobates mulleri), red leaf monkey (presbistis rubicunda), Malayan sun bear (helarctus malayanus), wild lige (sus barbatus), estuarine crocodile false ghavial (Tomistoma schlegelli). The rivers together with the swamps and sesonal lake rookeries support the life of many species of fish that have very high values in term of ecology and economy.
MAIN OBJECTS :
Located about 30 minutes to the right from the branch of Sekonyer river. Camp Leakey is in the Tanjung Puting National Park in southern Borneo, and was set up in 1971 by Louis Leakey to support research activities in Tanjung Puting Wildlife Reserve Louis Leakey was both teacher and mentor for three young primatologists who would go on to become well known in their field and beyond. Jane Goodall and Dian Fossey were two, who went on to become known worldwide for their work with chimpanzees and gorillas respectively. The third, Birute Galdikas went on to become the leading Authority on orangutans and remains so to this day as president of the Orangutan Foundation International.
Camp Leakey formerly functions as orangutans rehabilitation center. The Camp and surrounding area is designated as a special utility zone. Over the years, the camp has served the research efforts of several scientist and students. Tourist will be able to walk on certain trails of the trail system without disturbing the research activities. On the way to Camp Leakey (on Sekonyer Simpang Kanan river), you may occasionally see crocodiles and the false gavials.
The first guard post in the park that was constructed in the late of 1970's. Tanjung Harapan was the original site of the Sekonyer Village, which was moved across the Sekonyer river. The area surrounding is designated as utilization zone. In this area, several facilities for park management as well as for visitors have been constructing. Tanjung Harapan is also an alternate orangutan center.
Pondok Tanguy used to be established rehabilitation center for orangutans. Located between Tanjung Harapan and Natai Lengkuas, this are also designates as a special utilization zone.